Dredging up the past

Jacksonville engineer helps devise a plan to remove silt from the Port of Brookings-Harbor left over from the 2011 Japanese tsunami
Large dredges like this one now removing silt in the Chetco River bar could never get into the Port of Brookings-Harborís boat basin, whose waters are dangerously shallow because of silt deposited by the 2011 tsunami. Port managers and a Jacksonville engineer have devised a plan to use a smaller dredge and pump the silt a mile out to sea.Jamie Lusch

BROOKINGS — Large swaths of silt thrust into the Port of Brookings-Harbor by the 2011 tsunami are set to be sucked out of the boat basin in a fashion not yet seen on the Oregon Coast.

Nearly 28,000 cubic yards of this silty debris will be dredged and pumped through a pipe floating atop the Pacific to a federally approved undersea dump site about a mile southwest of the Chetco River mouth.

Large dredges such as the one now removing silt and cobbles in the Chetco River bar could never get into this tiny basin, where strings of docks and pilings are used by a robust recreational fleet as well as commercial vessels.

But the tsunami-fed silt, along with other underwater gunk built up over decades, has left the basin's waters dangerously shallow for even private boats that risk breaking propellers at low tide.

So a little out-of-the-box thinking by a Jacksonville engineer has led to a plan for using a smaller dredge to remove the material and a series of pumps to funnel it to an offshore dump site normally visited by large barges.

"We never tried it before," port Manager Ted Fitzgerald says. "What it came down to is that we had to devise our own plan.

"It should be pretty exciting," he says. "It's going to be an adventure."

The buoyant pipe is designed to be held aloft and in place either on large floats specially built for this project or anchored to the sea floor, which averages about 70 feet deep along its path. Beacons will warn marine traffic of its placement.

"It'll look like a Christmas tree out there," says Jack Akin, the Jacksonville environmental engineer who designed the project.

A better idea of exactly what it will look like may be finalized Thursday when Akin and port officials meet with the U.S. Coast Guard.

Construction and testing is scheduled to begin Sept. 4 and pumping could begin as early as Sept. 7, Akin says. Pumping is expected to take 28 days, but the plan calls for it to last as long as 45 days, depending upon how much debris, dead crab pots and other materials delay operations, he says.

"We expect to have several breakdowns," Akin says.

Similar projects have occurred worldwide, and ports such as Crescent City regularly dredge in this fashion, but they pump their silt onto dry land.

At Oregon ports, the silt is typically pumped into barges that are towed offshore to any of a series of release sites approved for dumping by the federal Environmental Protection Agency.

Pumping projects like this one haven't been tried off the Oregon Coast largely because the release sites are too far from most ports.

With no land available for the dredge spoils and the boat basin only a mile from the release site, the piping project rose to the surface as the best way to deal with the tsunami-caused silt.

"One mile is easily doable," Akin says.

The silt removal is one of the least expensive of the projects undertaken to fix the nearly $7 million worth of damage caused March 11, 2011, when an 9.0-magnitude earthquake rocked Japan. It triggered a tsunami, or series of large ocean surges, that hit the Oregon Coast that morning.

The surges came amid high and dirty flows out of the Chetco River. The tsunami blocked the Chetco's flows to the sea, pushing that water into the port.


Nearly 70 percent of the port's docks were destroyed along with a seawall and several boats. Many commercial craft were alerted to the tsunami and motored out of the boat basin to ride out the storm in relative ease.

Repairs to damaged docks and infrastructure were finished last week, leaving port managers wondering what to do with the mounds of silt that create navigational hazards within the boat basin's tiny pathways.

For the Port of Brookings-Harbor, it was the best of times to have these worst of times.

In its 50-year history, the port has never gotten a permit to dredge silt, and the port earlier mapped the silt in preparation for a future dredging project, Fitzgerald says.

The Oregon State Marine Board did a post-tsunami mapping and identified about 28,000 cubic feet of silt attributed to the event. The mapping helped land the port a $673,000 Federal Emergency Management Agency grant for removing it.

But a commercial bid for the work came in at $900,000, causing the port and Akin to look for alternatives.

"We almost got forced into this process," Akin says.

Fitzgerald says the port started buying the 12-inch, thick-plastic pipe piecemeal from various locations, storing it along port seawalls.

When the dredging project begins, the pipeline will be constructed and the Crescent City port's dredge will be rented.

The dredge spoils will be sucked into the tube, and a series of calibrated pumps will add enough seawater to keep the silt-water mixture moving at 12 feet per second — enough to keep from clogging, Akin says.

The Marine Board has chipped in $94,500 to deepen another portion of the port to create moorage space for nontrailered boats such as motorboats or sailboats port-hopping along the coast.

When finished, the waters around the sport basin dock, for instance, will be 2 feet deeper than pre-dredging.

"For a lot of these sport boats, 2 feet makes all the difference in the world," Fitzgerald says.

The port has a three-year dredging permit signed by various state and federal agencies, Fitzgerald says.

If this project is successful, port managers will seek money to dredge the entire port, Fitzgerald says.

Reach reporter Mark Freeman at 541-776-4470 or mfreeman@mailtribune.com.



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