It came as no surprise to Jackson County's narcotics officers and addiction treatment specialists that the region ranks high in Oregon in meth and prescription drug abuse.
The numbers come from a report released this week by the Oregon High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Program, or HIDTA.
Per capita comparison of drug treatment admissions per 10,000 residents by county:
Heroin — 20
Prescription drugs — 31
Meth — 32
Marijuana — 40
Multnomah (includes Portland)
Prescription drugs — 25
Meth — 29
Marijuana — 40
Heroin — 60
Number of illegal marijuana plants eradicated by police by county for 2011:
Indoor — 383
Outdoor — 2,872
Indoor — 794
Outdoor — 577
Indoor — 357
Outdoor — 0
Indoor — 52
Outdoor — 86
Meth lab seizures
in Oregon since 2004
2004 — 448
2005 — 192
2006 — 62
2007 — 20
2008 — 21
2009 — 13
2010 — 13
2011 — 10 (2 in Jackson County)
The report noted that Jackson County has most people per capita who seek treatment for prescription medication abuse. The county also ranks second, behind Umatilla County, in the number of people per 10,000 who are treated for methamphetamine addiction.
"This number is both good and bad in the sense that people are getting into treatment and there could be a light at the end of the tunnel to their addiction," said Medford police Deputy Chief Tim Doney, who also heads the Medford Area Drug and Gang Enforcement team.
"The bad news the report brings is that it drives home that there remains a large drug problem in our community."
The report said that just more than 30 people for every 10,000 in Jackson County have sought treatment for meth addiction.
Medford police Chief Tim George said that meth continues to pour into the region despite the Legislature's efforts to limit the sales of pseudoephedrine, a primary component in meth.
"It's shocking how much meth is transported into this area," George said. "It makes you wonder about the security of our border, because most of this meth is coming here from criminal organizations based in Mexico."
The HIDTA report said the number of meth labs seized in Oregon has plummeted since the Legislature took pseudoephedrine off the counter in 2004.
The supply was quickly buttressed by cartels in Mexico, who can produce meth by the ton and ship it across the United States.
"We are on the receiving end of powder drugs here," Doney said. "But in reference to marijuana, we are a source region."
The HIDTA report backs up Doney's claim by reporting that marijuana grown in Oregon is commonly found in the Midwest and South.
A large portion of this marijuana is diverted illegally from Oregon medical marijuana gardens and sold on the black market, George said.
"Our marijuana goes across the nation," Doney said. "That's just a fact of life."
Another disturbing tidbit listed in the report is the increase in heroin use among Oregon teens.
George argues that a smokeable form of heroin, known as "gunpowder," has taken away the stigma of a drug that once was associated with needles.
"You can now smoke it and not deal with needles," George said. "We are seeing that this is particularly popular with young people."
Earlier this year MADGE seized 49 pounds of heroin at a local bus station. Oregon State Police found 55 pounds during a car stop last week on Interstate 5 near Ashland.
"Without a doubt, heroin is on the rise here locally and throughout the state," George said.
In another piece of bleak news, HIDTA reported that drug-related deaths spiked across the state in 2011, with fatalities inching up 20 percent above 2010's numbers.
In all, 240 people died of drug overdoses in Oregon in 2011.
Reach reporter Chris Conrad at541-776-4471 or email email@example.com.