I read the Mail Tribune's Fishing Report every Friday in the Oregon Outdoors section and once in a while I come across a reference to NTUs. What exactly is an NTU?

I read the Mail Tribune's Fishing Report every Friday in the Oregon Outdoors section and once in a while I come across a reference to NTUs. What exactly is an NTU?

— Jon J., Medford

Well, Jon, when it comes to NTUs we're talking dirty in the Fishing Report.

Dirty, as in turbidity, or dirtiness of the water.

One of the things we've discovered over the years is that science guys have a measurement for everything, even how dirty streams like the Rogue River can get during periods of high water.

NTU stands for — and here, Jon, is reason number 4,311 why it's better to be in newspapers than radio or television, because all we have to do is spell it, not say it — nephelometric turbidity units.

And just how do you think you get NTUs? By using, what else, a nephelometer. It's a little gizmo that shoots light through a column of water and uses sensors to count how much of the light is deflected at 90-degree angles from hitting particles.

The water nerds at Since You Asked Central recall when NTUs were actually called JTUs, or Jackson turbidity units. The Jackson part came from the use of a Jackson candle to measure the amount of light that passes through water, but the nephelometer took over, and the old candle got placed back in the drawer for the next power outage.

In low and clear conditions between storms on the upper Rogue River, the river's turbidity will be around 2.5 NTUs, aka "gin clear" to anglers. In a rip-roaring storm, the caramel-colored Rogue can contain water of several hundred NTUs.

The Rogue's salmon and steelhead fishermen like the turbidity no lower than 4 NTUs and no higher than 14 NTUs.

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