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Dogs can eat these salmon

This is in regard to your story about fishing groups throwing salmon carcasses into Rogue Valley creeks as part of a “stream enrichment” program. Isn’t this really a dog-killing program? They’re putting hundreds of carcasses out there for dogs to eat and get poisons, right?

— Debbie, email submission

Well, yes, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife does put salmon and steelhead carcasses in some Rogue River Basin salmon-spawning areas to add natural nutrients from these fish, but the truth is your dog is far more at risk from eating naturally spawned-out fish than stream-enrichment fish.

The risk is salmon-poisoning disease, or SPD, a usually fatal disease that occurs when dogs eat fish that contain a trematode that also contains rickettsia, the cause of SPD, says Ryan Battleson, the ODFW fish biologist who oversees the local stream-enrichment program.

Rickettsia, which is a hybrid bacteria-virus, occurs naturally in wild salmon and steelhead returning to streams from Northern California to British Columbia, so your dogs could be exposed any time they enter the Rogue or tributaries during and after spawning, Battleson says.

Dogs exposed to SPD can survive if the disease is caught early enough and the dogs are treated with antibiotics.

Several safeguards are used to protect your dog from contracting SPD from any of the salmon and steelhead carcasses placed in streams to add nutrients, Battleson says.

The main safeguard is that the fish used in the program are surplus spring chinook or summer steelhead killed at the hatchery and placed in a deep freeze at minus-10 degrees for at least three weeks, Battleson says.

Studies show that freezing them at minus-4 degrees over that period of time kills the rickettsia.

The stream-enrichment fish are usually placed during or right after natural spawning, Battleson says. They are high up in Taylor Creek, a Rogue tributary near Galice, and in upper Elk Creek tributaries.

Excess spring chinook carcasses are placed in the mainstem Rogue where natives spawn in late fall, he says.

Send questions to “Since You Asked,” Mail Tribune Newsroom, P.O. Box 1108, Medford, OR 97501; by fax to 541-776-4376; or by email to youasked@rosebudmedia.com. We’re sorry, but the volume of questions received prevents us from answering all of them.